What is Vitamin B3 (Niacin)?

Vitamin B3 or Niacin also comes in other brand names such as NiaspanNiasinolNicobidSlo-NiacinNiacin-Time and Nicolar.


This dietary supplement is a lipid-lowering agent. Niacin is in tablet form and extended-release tablets. Pellagra is a condition that is caused by Niacin deficiency and can be treated with this diet supplement. The symptoms of niacin deficiency are the following: dementia, diarrhea and dermatitis. To treat lipidemic, a large dose is needed to lower total LDL cholesterol and triglyceride levels. It is so far the most effective drug to increase HDL cholesterol levels.


Benefits of Vitamin B3 (Niacin)


Vitamin B3 (Niacin) is essential in putting the enzymes in activities related to energy metabolism. It lessens blood lipids by partially stopping the release of fatty acids from fat tissue. This way the triglyceride-carrying lipoprotein produced is lessened.


If there is one best non-prescription Niacin product, it’s got to be Inositol hexaniacinate. Six molecules are hooked into another B vitamin, Inositol. There is nothing to worry about side effects or anything like toxicity in the liver and flushes. Abnormalities in the function of the liver may be caused by time-released niacin. It is always highly recommended to consult a physician if you want to get the best from Niacin. One example of time-released Niacin is Niaspan which if taken with the right dose would not cause harm like abnormalities in the function of the liver. Inositol hexaniacinate is best taken three to four times a day in 500 mg. Consult with your doctor if your aim is to lower your cholesterol level. Muscle inflammation may be experienced if it is taken together with statin drugs without a doctor’s advice.


How to Take Vitamin B3 (Niacin)


Recommended dietary allowance or RDA of niacin for children is 6 to 12 mg per day while for adolescent and adult men is 16 mg a day and for adolescent and adult women is 14 mg. the recommended dietary allowance for antilipidemic is 500 to 4000 mg a day which is divided in meals. Start with a low dose and slowly increase it to decrease the side effects. The RDA for extended-release tablets is different wherein all doses are taken once a day at bedtime after taking a low-fat snack: 375 mg for week one, the next week will be 500 mg, then the third week is 750 mg, 1000 mg from week four to seven, then it is time to consult the doctor so the results will be determined and how your body reacts to the vitamin. Be careful not to take more than what is recommended as there would be side effects, symptoms include nausea, flushing, vomiting, and abdominal pain. Pregnant women must take only 18 mg a day of Vitamin B3 (Niacin) and lactating mothers must have 17 mg a day.


People with elevated blood lipids should watch their calories, saturated fat and cholesterol level; not more than 30% calories from fat, less than 300 mg a day of cholesterol and 10% calories from saturated fat. Make sure the vitamins are not placed in direct light and heat. Do not double the dose to make up for the forgotten dose the day before: just continue with the regular daily dose. If the vitamin is taken as antilipidemic do not stop taking it until the doctor tells you so. Side effects may be evident after prolonged use and those who are over sixty years old may develop diabetes in the process.