How Does Diabetes Affect The Cardiovascular System?

How Does Diabetes Affect The Cardiovascular System? In the year 2014, 29.1 million people were reported to have diabetes. With more than 25% of them not knowing that they have the disease, the potential health implications of untreated diabetes can be life threatening. With millions of people at risk, knowing the signs of what to look for in both the pre-diabetic and diabetic stages can help you seek treatment for yourself or someone you love. In particular, the cardiovascular system of both men and women are particularly susceptible to diabetes. How does diabetes affect the cardiovascular system? Lets find out. But first, lets quickly describe what diabetes is to better understand the various effects it can have throughout the body.

Understanding Diabetes

How does diabetes affect the cardiovascular system? Well, diabetes (which is broken into type 1, type 2, and gestational) is the result of having high blood sugar (or glucose) levels. Individuals with diabetes will struggle to maintain the correct blood sugar levels in their body. When the levels drop, a range of side effects can occur due to the role blood sugar plays in keeping our bodies healthy and functioning

While type 1 diabetesis genetic and gestational diabetes only happens in women who are pregnant, the majority of individuals with type 2 diabetes develop diabetes because of lifestyle choices, including consuming unhealthy food, being overweight, and not exercising. A pre-diabetic state can last for years before someone becomes diabetic. In the United States, it is estimated that there are around 90 million pre-diabetic individuals. A good number of these people are just entering early middle age. So, how does diabetes affect the cardiovascular system?

How Does Diabetes Affect The Cardiovascular System?

The cardiovascular system comprises your heart and blood vessels. As the heart is necessary for oxygenating blood and the blood vessels are responsible for bringing the oxygenated blood throughout the body, the cardiovascular system is ground zero for any problems that may develop. Already, heart attacks and blood clots, the two leading causes of death in the United States, involve the cardiovascular system. When you add the detrimental effects of diabetes to the equation, it is easy to find the answer of how does diabetes affect the cardiovascular system.

The insidious thing to know about diabetes is that its deleterious effects on the cardiovascular system are slow and steady. People ask the question how does diabetes affect the cardiovascular system because there are no major warning signs. Through issues with your blood sugar levels, the lining of veins and blood vessels will deteriorate, putting additional pressure on your heart to function. With decreased blood pressure to the heart, it is not uncommon for individuals with diabetes to have shortness of breath and chest pains. Fatigue is also not uncommon.

There is another answer to how does diabetes affect the cardiovascular system and it requires a closer look at the blood vessels. When diabetes goes unregulated, it is not uncommon for the blood vessels themselves to stiffen. When the blood vessels stiffen, plaque begins to develop, increasing the blood pressure issues with the heart. In all cases, the chances of having a heart attack are increased.

It should be known that it will take several years of poorly controlling your diabetes before you get to this point. That being said, any amount of time will damage your cardiovascular system, increasing the chances that secondary problems may develop.

How Does Diabetes Affect The Cardiovascular System And How Can I Prevent Damage From Occurring?

The first thing you should do is schedule an appointment with your doctor. Ask him or her the question of how does diabetes affect the cardiovascular system to get their professional opinion. If you have not already been diagnosed with diabetes but you are afraid you may have it, then be aware that there are tests that can be run to determine if you are a type 2 diabetic or in a pre-diabetic stage. Before the appointment, be sure to review your family history and see if there is a history of cardiovascular-related deaths in your family. Focus on early and mid-stage life, as deaths occurring to cardiovascular problems later in life are not uncommon and may not be significant.

For many people entering middle age, weight gain is common and is most often cited as a cause of diabetes. Also, to weight gain, individuals of a Hispanic origin, individuals with a family history of diabetes, and individuals with a sedentary lifestyle are at increased risk of developing diabetes at this point in their life.

How does diabetes affect the cardiovascular system?

 As explained above, diabetes can exasperating pre-existing conditions, increasing the chance that you will potentially die from them.

Author: Abhista

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