Diabetes Mellitus is a continual metabolic disorder that prevents the body from utilizing glucose totally or partially. It is characterized by raised glucose absorption in the blood. The pancreas produces the hormone insulin which controls the quantity of glucose in the blood. Devoid of insulin, the blood sugar increases as the body cannot use or store glucose. The most commonly-used screening tests are the purpose of the fasting blood glucose level and the blood glucose level tested two hours after a meal.
The usual fasting blood sugar content is 80-120 mg per 100 ml of blood; this can go up to a stage of 160 mg per 100 ml of blood two hours after meals. Anything above these levels can be expressed as diabetic levels. Diabetes is general among older and obese people.
Types of diabetes
Type 1 or insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) occurs when the pancreas becomes unsuccessful to make sufficient insulin. It usually occurs in childhood or adolescence but can expand at any age. These patients need insulin each day
Type 2 or non-insulin dependant diabetes mellitus occurs when body cells develop into resistant to insulin. This is more general among adults, particularly those who are overweight and over age 40. These people can manage their blood sugar levels through weight control, regular exercise and a well-balanced diet. Some people need oral medications or insulin injection to lower blood sugar.
Symptoms of Diabetes
Increased thirst, increased urination, increased appetite are the initial signs.
In type I weight loss is seen and in type II obesity is seen.
Other possible symptoms are blurred vision, skin irritation or infection, weakness or loss of strength, and decreased healing capability.
Clinical lab test information reveal glycosuria (sugar in urine), hyperglycaemia, abnormal glucose tolerance tests.
If diabetes is not identified at the right time symptoms like fluid and electrolyte imbalance, acidosis, coma is seen.
Causes of Diabetes
Cause for IDDM
IDDM mostly outcome from a virally initiated autoimmune destruction of beta cells of the pancreas.
Cause for NIDDM
NIDDM is determined heritably and is expressed with age or other factors like obesity, diet and inactivity
Home Remedies for Diabetes
Diabetes treatment with Bitter Gourd: Home Remedy for Diabetes
Among the several home remedies that have proved helpful in controlling diabetes, perhaps the most vital is the use of bitter gourd. It has lately been established that bitter gourd contains a hypoglycaemic or insulin-like principle, designated as ‘plant insulin’, which has been found precious in lowering the blood and urine sugar levels. It should, therefore, be included generously in the diet of the diabetic. For better results, the diabetic must take the juice of about four or five karelas each morning on an empty stomach. The seeds can be added to food in a powdered state. Diabetics can also use bitter gourd in the state of a decoction by boiling the pieces in water or the form of dry powder. One of the good home remedies for diabetes.
Diabetes treatment with Indian Gooseberry: Home Remedy for Diabetes
Indian gooseberry, with its high vitamin C content, is considered precious in diabetes. A tablespoon of its juice, mixed with a cup of bitter gourd juice, taken daily for two months, will arouse the islets of Langerhans, that is, the isolated group of cells that secrete the hormone insulin in the pancreas. This mixture decreases blood sugar in diabetes.
Diabetes treatment with Jambul Fruit: Home Remedy for Diabetes
Jambul fruit is another useful home remedy. It is regarded in customary medicine as a specific against diabetes because of its effect on the pancreas. The fruit as such, the seeds, and fruit juice are all helpful in the treatment of this disease. The seeds contain a glucoside ‘jamboline’ which is supposed to have the power to check the pathological conversion of starch into sugar in cases of increased production of glucose. The seeds must be dried and powdered. One teaspoon of this powder should be mixed in one cup of milk or water or half a cup of curd, and taken two times daily. The internal bark of the jambul tree is also used in the treatment of diabetes. The bark is dried out and burnt. It will create ash of white colour. This ash must be pestled in a mortar, strained and bottled. The diabetic patient must be given ten grams of this ash on an empty stomach with water in the morning and twenty grams in the afternoon and the evening an hour after taking meals. An equal amount of amla powder, Jamun powder, and bitter gourd powder also makes a very useful remedy for diabetes. A teaspoon of this mixture once or twice a day would be efficient in checking the progress of the disease. One of the best home remedies for diabetes.
Diabetes treatment with Grapefruit: Home Remedy for Diabetes
Grapefruit is a fine food in the diet of a diabetic patient. If grapefruits were eaten more generously, there would be much less diabetes. If you have sugar, use three grapefruits three times in a day. If you do not have sugar, but a propensity towards it and want to prevent it, use three a day. One of the simple home remedies for diabetes.
Diabetes treatment with Fenugreek: Home Remedy for Diabetes
The seeds of fenugreek have been found useful in the treatment of diabetes. Fenugreek seeds, when given in changeable doses of 25 gm to 100 gm daily, diminish reactive hyperglycaemia in diabetic patients. Levels of glucose, serum cholesterol, and triglycerides were also appreciably reduced in diabetes patients when the seeds were consumed. One of the useful home remedies for diabetes.
Diabetes treatment with Bengal Gram
Experiments have shown that the drinking of water extract of Bengal gram enhances the use of glucose in both diabetic and normal persons. When kept on a diet which incorporated liberal supplements of Bengal gram extract, the condition of tile patient improved considerably and his insulin requirement was decreased to about twenty units per day. Diabetes patients who are on a set diet which does not severely limit the intake of carbohydrates, but includes liberal amounts of Bengal gram extract, have shown significant improvement in their fasting blood sugar levels, glucose tolerance, urinary excretion of sugar, and general condition.
Diabetes treatment via Black Gram: Home Remedy for Diabetes
For a milder sort of diabetes, two tablespoons of germinated black gram, taken with half a cup of fresh bitter gourd juice and a teaspoon of honey, is said to be valuable. It should be taken once each day for three to four months. A limit should be placed on the intake of carbohydrates. Still, in severe cases, regular use of this combination, with other precautions, is helpful as a health-giving food for the prevention of various complications that may arise due to malnutrition in diabetics. One of the popular home remedies for diabetes.
Diabetes treatment with Mango Leaves
The tender leaves of the mango tree are measured useful in diabetes. An infusion is prepared by soaking 15 gm of fresh leaves in 250 ml of water overnight and squeezing them fine in the water in the morning. This filtrate should be taken every morning to manage early diabetes. As an option, the leaves should be dried in the shade, powdered and preserved for use when necessary. Half a teaspoon of this powder should be taken two times a day.
Diabetes treatment via Parslane: Home Remedy for Diabetes
The seeds of purslane are helpful in diabetes. A teaspoon of the seeds should be taken each day with half a cup of water for three to four months. It will raise the body’s insulin and help in curing diabetes. One of the simple but effective home remedies for diabetes.
Diabetes treatment via Other Foods
Besides bitter gourd, certain other vegetables have been found helpful in diabetes. These comprise string beans, cucumber, onion, and garlic. Tea made of the pods of string beans is important in diabetes.
Diet for Diabetes
Dietary Rules for Diabetes Management
Three methods of treatment are normally followed depending on the individual and the severity of the conditions.
1) Diet alone
2) Diet and Oral hypoglycemic drugs and
3) Diet & insulin.
A mild diabetic can administer his disease with control over his diet alone. A severe diabetic wants dietary control along with insulin. However, whatever the form of controlling diabetes, reliability, routine and regulation should be strictly pursued
Types for Foods to be eaten for Diabetics
A diabetic must pursue low carbohydrates, low fat & moderate protein diet. The diet should be high in complex carbohydrates means high fibre diet like vegetables, whole legumes, whole wheat products, oats etc. Products made from refined wheat flours should be limited. Salads can be consumed in any quantities but high-fat salad dressings should be restricted. Fruits can be taken as per suggested by your dietician, fruit juices should be avoided and whenever possible fruit must be taken with the skin eg. Apple, Pear etc. If possible avoid fruits along with your meals and you can take it 2 hours after or before a meal.
Each meal should enclose some source of protein as it doesn’t increase the blood sugar instantly
For eg. In breakfast, you can consume oats porridge, which enclose oats as well as milk. Proteins must not be taken too much in excess as it may lead to renal troubles.
A diabetic patient must worry about the fat content of his diet. Many foods have some amount of unseen fats such as whole milk, egg yolk, and red meats.
Choose skimmed milk, egg whites, de-skinned chicken and use a very small quantity of visible fats like oil, Ghee, butter in your daily diet.
Other Proposals for Diabetes
Rules for Diabetics
-Exercise regularly, it keeps you fit and assists in controlling diabetes. Light exercise such as jogging, swimming or brisk walking is good.
-Do not walk naked feet. Reduced sensations can result in injury.
-Do not miss a portion of food after insulin or oral anti-diabetic drugs.
-Do not vary the dose of the anti-diabetic drugs, except under medical advice.
-Test urine frequently.
The main objective of nutrition for diabetics is to avoid highs & lows of blood sugar so you can feel well today and in the future. So it is vital to remember these 3 points.
1) The timing of your meals & snacks is very essential. Eat meals & snacks at the same time every day or as close to the same time as likely. Comprise a snack if you are exercising or if your blood sugar gets low. If these are happening frequently then consult your physician.
2) If you are taking insulin or diabetic tablets, always eat a bedtime snack. Stick to your serving dimension. If you eat more then what you are required to may lift your blood sugar.