Factors Associated With Painful Periods – Gynecologist

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Many people with periods experience some degree of menstrual cramping or dysmenorrhea. Mild-to-moderate cramps that result directly from menstruation are usually not a cause for concern, but they can still be disruptive. Severe cramps can be debilitating.


Over-the-counter (OTC) pain medication and home management techniques can often ease the symptoms, but severe dysmenorrhea may not respond to these approaches.

If the pain is “primary,” it is a direct result of menstruation. “Secondary” dysmenorrhea results from another health condition or cause.


Some factors associated with primary dysmenorrhea include

a higher body mass index, also known as BMI
Attempts to lose weight
Depression or anxiety
Heavy periods
A family history of painful periods
Some causes of secondary dysmenorrhea include:
Intrauterine devices (IUDs)
Pelvic scarring from sexually transmitted infections
Uterine fibroids
Ovarian cysts

Author: Abhista

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