DIAGNOSIS OF CERVICAL DYSPLASIA

 

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Because a pelvic exam is usually normal in women with cervical dysplasia, a Pap test is necessary to diagnose the condition.

 

Although a Pap test alone can identify mild, moderate, or severe cervical dysplasia, further tests are often required to determine appropriate follow-up and treatment. These include:

 

Repeat Pap tests

Colposcopy, a magnified exam of the cervix to detect abnormal cells so that biopsies can be taken Endocervical curettage, is a procedure to check for abnormal cells in the cervical canal

Cone biopsy or loop electrosurgical excision procedure (LEEP), are performed to rule out invasive cancer; during a cone biopsy, the doctor removes a cone-shaped piece of tissue for lab examination. During LEEP, the doctor cuts out abnormal tissue with a thin, low-voltage electrified wire loop.

HPV DNA test, which can identify the HPV strains which are known to cause cervical cancer.

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